Persian Tabriz Gallery Carpet – Fine Signed Antique – OversizeRug #5048
Persian Tabriz Medallion Wool Carpet – Fine Signed Antique – Extra-Large Oversize Gallery
An Extremely Rare and Fine ‘Medallion and Animal’ Persian Tabriz Gallery Carpet, North West Persia, Wool on Cotton Foundation. Star signature.
First Quarter 20th Century
The blue field with a large ivory lobed medallion enclosing a variety of animals and birds amongst cloud bands, linked to mirrored blue cartouches ending in ivory floral pendants supported by hunting mythical beasts and prey, amongst blossoming trees and for sets of cypress trees, coral spandrels enclosing heavenly winged beings amongst cloud bands, within a red border enclosing continuous polychrome palmettes, linked by meandering flowering vines and scrolling curvilinear arabesques, secondary ivory floral guard borders, corner inner guard border enclosing a star signature of the Ustaden, ‘Benlian’
This Persian Tabriz carpet is a technically fine handmade carpet which recalls the finest examples of early Persian Safavid weaving, displaying a design based on a small recognisable group of 16th and 17th Persian carpets referred to as ‘Medallion and Animal’ carpets.
The Persian Safavid rulers were known as great Patrons of the Arts in all forms which included handmade carpets, and as such, what is recognised as the ‘Golden Age’ of Persian carpet weaving was born and which was to have a profound effect for the future development of Persian woven art at its very best. Master Artisans were commissioned to create exceptionally beautiful, technically fine works of art to adorn Grand Persian Palaces, and Mosques, and made for presentation as gifts to foreign Lands for diplomatic purposes. The Persian Tabriz carpet weavers, during this time were recognised as the most skilled and experienced in Persia. As a rapid consequence, the pursuit of excellence in carpet making spread to other significant Persian centres including Esfahan, Kashan, Meshed and Kirman further enhancing the weaving of exceptional Persian Safavid carpets in evolving styles of outstanding design and created with technical excellence.
The late 17th Century through to the mid-19th century saw a relative stagnation in the creation and promotion of handmade carpet art, which was reversed from around the 1860’s onwards due to increasing interest and demands predominantly from new emerging European markets. What evolved into the 20th Century was a revival of the once famous Persian carpet weaving industry of the Safavid Dynasty.
This Persian Tabriz carpet exemplifies the very best of Persian Revivalist culture. The composition is very closely based on the Classical Persian Safavid ‘Medallion and Animal’ group of carpets, in terms of technical quality, style of design and related subject matter. The drawing of the pattern motifs is exceptionally fine allowing for considerable detail to be rendered, which is consistent with the approach adopted by the weavers of the 16th and 17th Centuries. Mythical creatures from ancient Persian legend form the basis of the subject matter in this Persian Tabriz carpet, including the Simurgh, an ancient mythical Persian bird, related to the Phoenix. The design is symmetrical through the horizontal and vertical axis, a traditional design format. The pattern is three tiered with elements of the pattern overlaid with other elements giving depth to the overall appearance, with the central medallion and the spandrels laid on top of the field design which enhances the importance of the medallion and spandrels as focal points. The floral border is extremely detailed and perfectly complements the main field of activity. The range of colours used is immense including shades of red, coral, ochre, green and blue all used sympathetically to create a magnificent grand version of a recognisable 17th century Safavid carpet design. This is the work of extremely experienced and talented Tabriz weavers.
Foot Note: This remarkable handmade Persian Tabriz carpet displays a design based on a significant classical Persian carpet, known as ‘The Coronation Carpet’ and is so named because of its use at the coronation of Queen Victoria’s son, Edward VII, in England 1902. The ‘original’ Classical handmade Persian carpet model measures 23ft by 12ft, and believed to have been hand woven in Tabriz in the mid-16th century.
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